Please add more about Scrophulariaceae here!
- Figwort family
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Here is EcoReality's seed inventory for Scrophulariaceae:
|ID||common name||family||latin name||date||quantity||action||days to germ||propagation||days to maturity||habitat||sun||drainage||soil||inventory||notes||nutrients||needs||use|
|26||Empresss Tree; Foxglove Tree||Scrophulariaceae||Paulownia tomentosa (dg fo pf wp)||2013-04-12 00:00:00||240 each seeds in||plant||64||Like willow, will sprout from cuttings stuck in the ground.
Germination note on this seed: I sowed one packet of out seed on the surface, pressed it in and kept it moist, at 65 degrees F, and ended up with over 100 seedlings after an extended germination time of 64 days. Even I was beginning to wonder. Faith, faith, faith is the most essential ingredient!
Seed best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Sow stored seed in late winter in a greenhouse at 15 - 20°c. The seed requires light for germination. Fair to good germination. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
CUTTINGS of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Overwinter in a cold frame for its first year and plant out in late spring. Root cuttings 4cm long in December. Good percentage survival.
Requires a deep moderately fertile moisture retentive but well-drained soil in a sunny sheltered position. Plants are tolerant of atmospheric pollution. A very ornamental and fast growing plant.
The flower buds are formed in autumn and can be excited into premature growth during mild winter weather, this growth is then more susceptible to frost damage. The flower buds are hardy to about -15°c when dormant.
Plants, and especially seedlings less than 2 years old, are frost tender when young.They do not flower reliably in maritime zones, this is probably due to insufficient warmth and dryness in the summer. Branches tend to be brittle. The flowers have a delicate sweet fragrance. Trees can be coppiced annually, they will then produce very vigorous growth with leaves up to 1 metre wide. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus.
|sun or partial shade||moist||200 each||Deciduous, dioecious tree native to Central and Western China.
This is one of the most signficant of all permaculture trees. It is used extensively in China as a divider between fields. Instant shade in the summer, with leaves as big as elephant ears and much greener. Every year it gets harder for me to get the seed pods, as they occur many feet up in the trees here on our farm (trees that were started from seed some years ago -- these babies grow fast!). Anyhow I was putting off the harvest this year because its dangerous and all, and then finally got up the courage to go out and grab the ladder and a long pole to try to knock down some pods, and when I came to the trees, one of them had BENT OVER ITS TOP and was offering me the pods, completely ripe and ready to go, right there at head level. I said "Thank You" and took some of them. Talk about a giving tree...
Later, I cut some empress tree twigs to use as stakes to hold up impressotags in the greenhouse (for marking plants). I had built a giant, waist-high raised bed out of rocks and dirt, and was marking rows of newly planted seeds (Tulsi, Jiao-gu-lan, White Sage, Spicebush, and others) and I shoved these twigs into the dirt and twisted the tags around the tips, and thought nothing more about it. Then, the seeds started to come up, and I also noticed something a bit surprising -- the buds on the empress tree stakes were swelling, too. I thought, "well, that's all very nice, but of course a twig like that will not spring roots. Wrong again, Mr. Green Man -- not only did they sprout roots, but they started to territorialize quite vigorously. This reminded me of the story of "Robinson Crusoe" that I read as a kid, and how he made a fence of green poles (to protect himself from a footprint in the sand, I seem to remember -- not his) which then sprouted and made an impenetrable fortress. Empress tree would be good for this. Actually, I believe DeFoe wrote this book based on a sailor left behind on one of the ill-fated botanical voyages headed up by no less than the infamous Captain Bligh, later memorialized by several movies usually entitled something like "Mutiny on the Bounty." Breadfruits, it turned out, were not preferred food among the Caribbean slave population...
Afternote: The tree is increasing in popularity, as it has become evident that the fast growth and the great surface area of the leaves makes this one of the most significant "carbon sinks" available on the planet. Removes carbon dioxide from our atmosphere and replaces this gas with breathable oxygen at approximately twice the rate of a "normal" tree. Grow Empress Tree, People, and take a deep breath!The wood is resistant to insects. This is a fast growing tree, suitable for relatively quick fuel or lumber production.
|Astringent, Charcoal, Mulch, Ornamental, Skin, Vermifuge, Warts, Wood|
|30||Eyebright; Red Eyebright; Common Eyebright; Euphrosyne||Scrophulariaceae||Euphrasia officinalis (dg fo pf wp)||60||Press seed firmly into surface of soil in fall or very early spring. Or, provide an artificial period of cold, moist conditioning to improve germination. To do this, give 90 days cold stratification by placing seed in moist medium in the refrigerator, then sow cool and moist. Similar to other small seeded medicinal herbs (such as chickweed, for instance) there is a fairly high rate of hard (dormant) seed in any given sample of eyebright. This means that the plants should not be prematurely discarded after the first flush of germination, as the best germination may well occur after the flats pass through 2 vernal cycles. In order to do this, keeping the flats in cool, moist shade is essential. Space plants 6 inches apart. It may make sense to allow grasses to cohabit the bed along with the eyebright. If this is done, it is reasonable to expect a perennialized (self-seeding) patch to develop.||Plant prefers full sun and moist grasslands or agricultural fields left fallow and divested of nutrients.||full sun||moist||poor||100 each||Semi-parasitic annual herb with blue flowers, native to moist grasslands and abandoned fields of Eurpope and Eastern North America. The poultice, tea, or dilute tincture of the herb is considered the epitiome of treatments for sore, red or itchy eyes and also styes. Astringes and emolliates concurrently. Another common weed lost in the exhaust of development, Eyebright herb is both costly and rare on the herbal market.||Ophthalmic|
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