Plant used for/Sweetening
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- Used to add sweetness to food.
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Here is EcoReality's seed inventory for plants that are used as Sweetening:
|ID||common name||family||latin name||date||quantity||action||days to germ||propagation||days to maturity||habitat||sun||drainage||soil||inventory||notes||nutrients||needs||use|
|84||Beet, Sugar||Chenopodiaceae||Beta vulgaris (dg fo pf wp)||2012-03-28 00:00:00||148 each seeds in||plant||5||80||0 each||The leaves are excellent for eating. The long, white roots are very high in sugar. They are good for the table, boiled or baked and mashed, or they can be boiled down in water to make sugar. Or, you can munch them right in the garden, like the picture shows. Super duper sweet, no funny aftertaste, and quite buzzy. Yum!||Food, Forage, Sweetening|
|248||Butterfly Weed; Pleurisy Root||Apocynaceae||Asclepias tuberosa (dg fo pf wp)||30||Seed best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn or in late winter. We have also had good results from sowing the seed in the greenhouse in early spring, though stored seed might need 2 - 3 weeks cold stratification. Germination usually takes place in 1 - 3 months at 18°c. As soon as the seedlings are large enough to handle, prick them out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out when they are in active growth in late spring or early summer and give them some protection from slugs until they are growing away strongly.
Division in spring. With great care since the plant resents root disturbance. Pot the divisions up and place them in a lightly shaded position in the greenhouse until they are growing away strongly, then plant them out in the summer, giving them some protection from slugs until they are established.
Basal cuttings in late spring. Use shoots about 10cm long with as much of their white underground stem as possible. Pot them up individually and place them in a lightly shaded position in a greenhouse until they are rooting and growing actively. If the plants grow sufficiently, they can be put into their permanent positions in the summer, otherwise keep them in the greenhouse until the following spring and when they are in active growth plant them out into their permanent positions. Give them some protection from slugs until they are established.
Prefers a well-drained light, rich or peaty soil. Prefers a sandy soil and a sunny position. Prefers a slightly acid soil. Prefers a dry soil. Plants are hardy to about -20°c.Plants should be pot-grown from seed and planted out in their permanent positions when young. Plants are particularly at risk from slugs, however, and some protection will probably be required until the plants are established and also in the spring when the new shoots come into growth. The flower can trap insects between its anther cells, the struggles of the insect in escaping ensure the pollination of the plant.
|sun or partial shade||well drained||rich||0 each||*Flower buds - cooked. They taste somewhat like peas.
Pleurisy root is a bitter, nutty-flavoured tonic herb that increases perspiration, relieves spasms and acts as an expectorant. It was much used by the North American Indians and acquired a reputation as a heal-all amongst the earlier white settlers. Its main use in present day herbalism is for relieving the pain and inflammation of pleurisy. The root was very popular as a medicinal herb for the treatment of a range of lung diseases, it was considered especially useful as an expectorant.
It has also been used internally with great advantage in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery, rheumatism etc. Use with caution; this remedy should not be prescribed for pregnant women.The root is harvested in the autumn and can be used fresh or dried. A poultice of the dried, powdered roots is used in the treatment of swellings, bruises, wounds, ulcers, lameness etc.
|Antispasmodic, Carminative, Cathartic, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Expectorant, Insectiary, Latex, Oil, Ornamental, Pollution, Poultice, Stuffing, Sweetening, Tonic, Vasodilator|
|5||Century Plant; Chisos Agave||Agavaceae||Agave havardiana (dg fo pf wp)||Sow seed just beneath surface of fast-draining soil and keep warm until germ. Germ easy and quick. Work up seedlings in successively larger pots. Plants do appreciate root constriction so start with small (2 inch) pots and transplant up only when the roots have fully filled that pot.||As a landscape plant, Agave prefers full sun to light shade, fast-draining soil and scant water throughout the growing season.||full sun||well drained||20 each||Hardiness: To -5 degrees F, but much more tolerant of dry cold than wet cold. For all practical purposes, a good outdoor plant for zone 7 and up, a good choice perhaps for a sheltered spot in Utah, a bad choice for the open garden in maritime Washington. Grows excellently in pots, long-lived and easily cared for, and thrives in our naturalized greenhouses in Southern Oregon.
Perennial succulent native to mid elevations of Texas, New Mexico and Mexico. The plant makes a bold rosette of spiny-tipped, fat, leathery and succulent leaves, giving occasional rise to the 12 foot flowering spike garlanded with reddish-yellow flowers. The popular opinion that the plant blooms only once in a century and then dies is a bit of a myth (sorry about that).Agave produces a sweet juice that can be concentrated into a superior sweetener, fermented to make an alcoholic beverage (e.d. tequila) and is also used as-is as an herbal medicine for treating irritable bowel syndrome, urinary problems, and menstrual woes. It is a superior medicinal agent.
|236||Grapes, french||Vitaceae||Vitis vinifera (dg fo pf wp)||18 each||From the Steinman Farm, Monroe, Michigan. Believed to be brought over from France by the Fix family, the original settlers.||Food, Sweetening|
|47||Licorice||Fabaceae||Glycyrrhiza glabra (dg fo pf wp)||2012-04-01 00:00:00||43 each seeds in||plant||Scarify the seed and sow in spring or in the warm greenhouse. Thin or transplant seedlings to 2 to 3 feet apart.||Plant prefers full sun and dry, alkaline soils. Once established, the plants shoot up like a young willow thicket, setting erect lilac flowers that give way to the smooth pods. This is a great crop for people in Arizona, or at elevation in California, or any other place where the weather is clear, high and hot.||full sun||well drained||0 each||Herbaceous perennial native to the Mediterranean and to Russia. True, sweet variety. The root is a fine-flavored demulcent and expectorant. Licorice provides essential herbal treatment for chronic fatigue, adrenal exhaustion or gastric ulcer.
The part used is the stoloniferous root, which can be harvested after 2 or 3 years of growth.
A note on Licorice: The water extract (tea or decoction) extracts the desirable secondary constituents and leaves behind the bitter tannins. Direct alcoholic extraction (in the usual manner, alcohol on top of ground roots) produces an unsatisfactory result. Better to decoct the licorice first, strain and reduce the decoction by 50%, then preserve back with enough alcohol to result in a finished alcohol content of 20% (AA). This makes an excellent product that is preserved against deterioration.Extended intake of licorice can result in sodium retension, so the dosage and length of therapy should be appropriately modulated.
|53||Mint, Mayan||Verbenaceae||Lippia dulcis (dg fo pf wp)||2013-04-19 00:00:00||96 each seeds in||plant||Sow seed in flats in the early spring and work up the plants to transplantability, then transplant. Plant prefers full sun to part shade. Sow in spring.||Protect from frost. We find that the plant prefers fast-draining but nutrient rich soils and drapes admirably over rock walls or other garden features. It will send out runners and root in, but it is severely effected by frost so for most gardeners in the temperate north invasiveness remains more of a goal than a problem.||sun or partial shade||well drained||rich||50 each||Perennial creeping plant with very showy purple leaves and upright cone-like flowers. Does well in pots. The taste is somewhat like stevia, but with aromatic overtones and no stevia aftertaste. This is a pre-sweetened tea herb, and it is really handsome in the garden, as well.||Ornamental, Sweetening|
|265||Rye, Fall||Poaceae||Secale cereale (dg fo pf wp)||Seed: sow March or October in situ and only just cover the seed. Germination should take place within 2 weeks.
An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils but prefers a well-drained light soil in a sunny position.
It thrives on infertile, submarginal areas and is renouned for its ability to grow on sandy soils.
Established plants are drought tolerant. The plant is reported to tolerate an annual precipitation in the range of of 22 to 176cm, an annual temperature in the range of of 4.3 to 21.3°C and a pH of 4.5 to 8.2.
Rye is a widely cultivated temperate zone cereal crop. It is able to withstand severe climatic conditions and can be grown much further north and at higher altitudes than wheat.
Average yields vary widely from country to country, the world average is around 1.6 tonnes per hectare with yields of almost 7 tonnes per hectare achieved in Norway.
There are many named varieties. Rye is a rather variable species and botanists have divided it into a number of sub-species, all of which could be of value in breeding programmes. These sub-species are briefly listed below:
S. cereale afghanicum (Vavilov.) K.Hammer. Native to the Caucasus, western Asia and India.
S. cereale ancestrale Zhuk. Native to western Asia.
S. cereale dighoricum Vavilov. Native to the Caucasus and eastern europe.
S. cereale segetale Zhuk. Native to temperate Asia.Rye grows well with cornflowers and pansies, though it inhibits the growth of poppies and couch grass.
|full sun||well drained||poor||25000 grams||Edible seed: cooked. A common cereal, it is used especially in N. Europe to make bread. The seed contains about 13% protein. The grain also contains some gluten, though not as much as wheat, so it makes a heavier bread than wheat. It can also be used to make cakes etc. The seed can be sprouted and added to salads.
Malt, a sweet substance produced by germinating the seed, is extracted from the roasted germinated seed and used as a sweetening agent and in making beer etc. The roasted (ungerminated) seed is used as a coffee substitute.
The straw is used as a fuel or as a biomass in industry. It is quite strong and can also be used in thatching, for paper making, weaving mats and hats etc. Other uses for the straw include as a packing material for nursery stock, bricks and tiles, for bedding, archery targets, and mushroom compost.The plant is a good green manure crop. It is fast growing with an extensive and deep root system. It is especially useful if sown in late autumn. Its growth over the winter will prevent soil erosion and the leaching of nutrients from the soil, it can then be incorporated into the soil in the spring. The extensive root system also makes this a good plant to use for soil stabilization, especially on sandy soils.
|Carbohydrate, Phosphorous, Potassium, Protein||Beverage, Cancer, Fibre, Fuel, Green manure, Laxative, Oil, Poultice, Soil stabilization, Sweetening|
|68||Stevia; Yerba Dulce; Sweet Herb||Asteraceae||Stevia rebaudiana (dg fo pf wp)||7||Heat-dependent germinator does best if sown just under the surface, tamped well, kept evenly moist and in direct sun or under lights or in a greenhouse with temperatures from 80 to 85 degrees F. Germination in 1 to 2 weeks. Protect from slugs, which like the sweetness about as well as any other beast. Prick seedlings into gallon pots or transplant out to garden at about 1 foot spacing in the temperate north and about 2 foot spacing in warmer zones.||Plants thrive in rich garden soil, and also they do very well in pots. Tend to get a bit leggy so cut them back to encourage lower branch growth. Plants prefer full sun to part shade and humidity, and plenty of water.||sun or partial shade||moist||rich||25 each||Tender herbaceous perennial in the temperate north and evergreen subshrub in warmer climates (zone 9 and up). May be effectively grown as an annual. Native to Paraguay and Brazil.
The dried leaf is used for sweetening drinks and is purportedly 250 times sweeter than sugar.Medicinally, stevia is used as a flavoring agent, a wound healer, a treatment for hypoglycemia, and a digestive aid.
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