Plant used for/Ophthalmic
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- Treats eye complaints.
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Here is EcoReality's seed inventory for plants that are used as Ophthalmic:
|ID||common name||family||latin name||date||quantity||action||days to germ||propagation||days to maturity||habitat||sun||drainage||soil||inventory||notes||nutrients||needs||use|
|17||Bilberry; Blaeberry; Whortleberry; Fraughan||Ericaceae||Vaccinium myrtillus (dg fo pf wp)||2013-04-24 00:00:00||240 each seeds in||plant||Soak berries in water overnight, smash them, and remove the seeds. The easiest way to do this is to put the berries in a jar, pour water over them, let them sit over night, then in the morning pour through a sieve, smash the berries inside the sieve, then put the mashed berries in a bowl or small bucket of water, stir them around in the water, at which point the flesh will float and the seeds will sink. Pour off the majority of the water and the flesh of the berries, then in the very end pour the water and the seeds into a sieve that is lined with a paper towel. Allow this to drain, and you will now have the seeds on the paper towel, and you can proceed to scoop them up and plant them. Use your fingers or a spoon. Sow in fall or very early spring in outdoor conditions, in pots or flats, and expect germination in the spring. Alternatively, you may wish to remove the seeds from the fruits and then mix the seeds in moist medium in a sealed plastic bag or jar in the refrigerator (not the freezer) for 90 days, then remove from fridge and sow. The best conditions for germination are cool, moist shade. We find that this method is pretty reliable. Sow seeds in acid loam medium. Grow out in a shaded place in pots for a year before transplanting to final location.||Bilberries prefer to grow in acidic loam soil.||poor||50 each||Short woody shrub growing in acidic, nutrient poor and subarctic soils throughout the world. Among all the closely related anthocyanin containing berries (including blueberries and huckleberries), bilberries are considered most potent, promoting night vision, improving vascular health and for treating macular degeneration.||Antiemetic, Antiseptic, Astringent, Diuretic, Hypoglycaemic, Kidney, Ophthalmic, Tonic|
|293||Clover, white||Fabaceae||Trifolium reptans (dg fo pf wp)||Seeds: Pre-soak for 12 hours in warm water and then sow in spring in situ. If the seed is in short supply it might be better to sow it in pots in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in late spring.
Division: in spring.
Succeeds in a moist, well-drained circum-neutral soil in full sun, preferring a sweet calcareous clay soil.
Succeeds in poor soils.
Dislikes growing with henbane or members of the buttercup family. Buttercups growing nearby depress the growth of the nitrogen bacteria by means of a root exudate.
It grows well in an apple orchard, the trees will produce tastier fruit that stores better.
It should not be grown with camellias or gooseberries because it harbours a mite that can cause fruit drop in the gooseberries and premature budding in the camellias.
Polymorphic, there are many subspecies and varieties. Some varieties have also been selected for use in lawn mixes.This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby.
|Grassland and lawns, preferring a calcareous clay soil[9, 17].||full sun||well drained||clay||3500 grams||A very important food plant for the caterpillars of many butterfly and moth species it is also a good bee plant. A good companion plant in the lawn, tolerating trampling[18, 54].||Nitrogen||Antirheumatic, Antiscrophulatic, Beverage, Depurative, Detergent, Food, Green manure, Ophthalmic, 30||Eyebright; Red Eyebright; Common Eyebright; Euphrosyne||Scrophulariaceae||Euphrasia officinalis (dg fo pf wp)||60||Press seed firmly into surface of soil in fall or very early spring. Or, provide an artificial period of cold, moist conditioning to improve germination. To do this, give 90 days cold stratification by placing seed in moist medium in the refrigerator, then sow cool and moist. Similar to other small seeded medicinal herbs (such as chickweed, for instance) there is a fairly high rate of hard (dormant) seed in any given sample of eyebright. This means that the plants should not be prematurely discarded after the first flush of germination, as the best germination may well occur after the flats pass through 2 vernal cycles. In order to do this, keeping the flats in cool, moist shade is essential. Space plants 6 inches apart. It may make sense to allow grasses to cohabit the bed along with the eyebright. If this is done, it is reasonable to expect a perennialized (self-seeding) patch to develop.||Plant prefers full sun and moist grasslands or agricultural fields left fallow and divested of nutrients.||full sun||moist||poor||100 each||Semi-parasitic annual herb with blue flowers, native to moist grasslands and abandoned fields of Eurpope and Eastern North America. The poultice, tea, or dilute tincture of the herb is considered the epitiome of treatments for sore, red or itchy eyes and also styes. Astringes and emolliates concurrently. Another common weed lost in the exhaust of development, Eyebright herb is both costly and rare on the herbal market.||Ophthalmic|
|266||Goji; Wolfberry; Chinese Matrimony Vine; Box Thorn||Solanaceae||Lycium barbarum (dg fo pf wp)||2012-03-31 00:00:00||240 each seeds in||plant||7||Plant prefers full sun and fast-drying soils. High desert conditions are quite conducive. Goji plants are drought-tolerant.
Seeds lose viability when removed from fruit. Soak dried berries in water overnight and remove the seeds from the softened fruits in the morning and plant them. Use a sandy potting soil medium. Sow the seeds just beneath the surface, tamp in, and keep in strong light. Water well to start, but back off on watering after germination, which occurrs in 1 to 2 weeks. Pot up seedlings and plant out to the landscape only after they are well-established.
Grow in greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Pinch out the shoot tips of the young plants in order to encourage bushy growth.
Cuttings: half-ripe wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel if possible, July/August in individual pots in a frame. Good percentage. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, autumn to late winter in a cold frame. High percentage.
Division of suckers in late winter. Very easy, the suckers can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.
An easily grown plant, it does not require a rich soil, flowering and fruiting better in a well-drained soil of moderate quality. Succeeds in impoverished soils, but more fertile soils are best if the plant is being grown for its edible young shoots.
Requires a sunny position. Tolerates maritime exposure. There are some named varieties, selected for their ornamental value.Plants are very tolerant of pruning and can regrow from old wood. Any trimming is best carried out in the spring. Plants produce suckers freely and can become invasive when in a suitable position. Otherwise they can be difficult to establish.
|730||Native to Northern China. Viney, likes something to grow on. Will spread on ground.||sun or partial shade||well drained||poor||300 each||Goji berries are used fresh, juiced or (more commonly) dried and used like raisins.
They are a yin tonic, immune enhancing, and excellent for the overall health.
There is much confusion over the naming of this species. Most, if not all, of the plants being grown as L. chinense or L. europaeum are in fact this species.
Fruit: edible raw or cooked. The fruit is a berry about 2cm in diameter. A mild sweet liquorice flavour. Only the fully ripe fruits should be eaten.
Young shoots: edible cooked. Used mainly as a flavouring, they can also be lightly cooked for 3 - 4 minutes and used as a vegetable, the flavour is somewhat cress-like but has also been described as peppermint-like.
Leaves: wilt rapidly once they have been harvested; used as a tea substitute.
A sweet tonic decoction made from the fruits is used to lower blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels. It acts mainly on the liver and kidneys. The fruit is taken internally in the treatment of high blood pressure, diabetes, poor eyesight, vertigo, lumbago, impotence and menopausal complaints.
The fruit is harvested when fully ripe and is dried for later use.
The root bark is a bitter, cooling, antibacterial herb that controls coughs and lowers fevers, blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels. It is taken internally in the treatment of chronic fevers, internal haemorrhages, nosebleeds, tuberculosis, coughs, asthma etc. It is applied externally to treat genital itching. The bark is harvested in the winter and dried for later use.
The plant has a long history of medicinal use, both as a general, energy restoring tonic and also to cure a wide range of ailments from skin rashes and eyesight problems to diabetes. A tonic tea is made from the leaves.The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers.
|Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E||Antibacterial, Anticholesterolemic, Antipyretic, Beverage, Cancer, Diuretic, Food, Hedge, Hypoglycaemic, Ophthalmic,|
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