Fabaceae

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Fabaceae
Bean family, formerly Leguminosae

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Inventory

Here is EcoReality's seed inventory for Fabaceae:

IDcommon namefamilylatin namedatequantityactiondays to germpropagationdays to maturityhabitatsundrainagesoilinventorynotesnutrientsneedsuse
259AlfalfaFabaceaeMedicago sativa (dg fo pf wp)Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow in spring in situ. The seed can also be sown in situ in autumn. Seed can be obtained that has been inoculated with Rhizobium bacteria, enabling the plant to succeed in soils where the bacteria is not already present. Alfalfa can adapt to a wide range of climatic conditions from cold temperate to warm sub-tropical, but thrives best on a rich, friable, well-drained loamy soil with loose topsoil supplied with lime. It does not tolerate waterlogging and fails to grow on acid soils. Grows well on light soils. Alfalfa is a very deep rooting plant, bringing up nutrients from deep in the soil and making them available for other plants with shallower root systems. It is a good companion plant for growing near fruit trees and grape vines so long as it is in a reasonably sunny position, but it does not grow well with onions or other members of the Allium genus.Hardy to zone 5. In flower June to July. Seeds ripen July to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by bees, lepidoptera, self. Self-fertile.partial shadewell drainedpoor0 eachLeaves and young shoots - raw or cooked. The leaves can also be dried for later use. The seed is commonly sprouted which is added to salads, used in sandwiches etc or cooked in soups. The seed is soaked in warm water for 12 hours, then kept moist in a container in a warm place to sprout. It is ready in about 4 - 6 days. The seeds can also be ground into a powder and used as a mush, or mixed with cereal flours for making a nutritionally improved bread etc. An appetite-stimulating tea is made from the leaves.

Alfalfa leaves, either fresh or dried, have traditionally been used as a nutritive tonic to stimulate the appetite and promote weight gain. The plant has an oestrogenic action and could prove useful in treating problems related to menstruation and the menopause. The plant is grown commercially as a source of chlorophyll and carotene, both of which have proven health benefits. The leaves also contain the anti-oxidant tricin. The root is febrifuge and is also prescribed in cases of highly coloured urine. Extracts of the plant are antibacterial. Used for asthma, diabetes, gastrointestinal disorders (anti-ulcer).

Nitrogen, Protein, Vitamin A, Vitamin B, Vitamin C, Vitamin KAnodyne, Antibacterial, Antiscorbutic, Aperient, Beverage, Diuretic, Dye, Emetic, Febrifuge, Food, Forage, Haemostatic, Mulch, Nutritive, Oil, Stimulant, Tonic
9Astragalus; Huang-qiFabaceaeAstragalus membranaceus (dg fo pf wp)2013-04-28 00:00:0080 each seeds in 8cc blocksplant21Scarify seed lightly, and use rhizobium inoculant. Direct seed in early spring. Good cold soil germinator and a poor warm soil germinator. Germ in 3 to 10 days. Thin to 6 inches apart.

Seed best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. A period of cold stratification may help stored seed to germinate. Stored seed, and perhaps also fresh seed, should be pre-soaked for 24 hours in hot water before sowing - but make sure that you do not cook the seed. Any seed that does not swell should be carefully pricked with a needle, taking care not to damage the embryo, and re-soaked for a further 24 hours.

Germination can be slow and erratic but is usually within 4 - 9 weeks or more at 13°c if the seed is treated or sown fresh.

As soon as it is large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
1460Plant is a sturdy survivor, and prefers full sun, average soil, and good drainage.

Requires a dry well-drained soil in a sunny position. Prefers a sandy slightly alkaline soil. Plants are hardy to at least -15°c.

Plants are intolerant of root disturbance and are best planted in their final positions whilst still small. Many members of this genus can be difficult to grow, this may be due partly to a lack of their specific bacterial associations in the soil.
full sunwell drainedsandy50 eachTaprooted herbaceous perennial native to China.

King of tonic herbs. It is an anabolic immunostimulant, that may be dried and ground up, then used for making tea, decoction, or tincture. As a fresh root, may be boiled in soup to release its life-supportive essence.

Plants flower yellow-white to 4 feet tall.

Huang Qi is commonly used in Chinese herbalism, where it is considered to be one of the 50 fundamental herbs.

The root is a sweet tonic herb that stimulates the immune system and many organs of the body, whilst lowering blood pressure and blood sugar levels. It is particularly suited to young, physically active people, increasing stamina and endurance and improving resistance to the cold - indeed for younger people it is perhaps superior to ginseng in this respect.

Huang Qi is used especially for treatment of the kidneys and also to avoid senility. The plant is often used in conjunction with other herbs such as Atractylodes macrocephala and Ledebouriella seseloides.

The root contains a number of bio-active constituents including saponins and isoflavonoids.

It is used in the treatment of cancer, prolapse of the uterus or anus, abscesses and chronic ulcers, chronic nephritis with oedema and proteinuria. Recent research in the West has shown that the root can increase the production of interferon and macrophages and thus help restore normal immune function in cancer patients. Patients undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy recover faster and live longer if given Huang Qi concurrently.

The root of 4 year old plants is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use.
NitrogenAdaptogen, Antibacterial, Cancer, Cardiotonic, Diuretic, Febrifuge, Hypoglycaemic, Hypotensive, Immunostimulant, Pectoral, Tonic, Uterine tonic, Vasodilator
224Beans, FavaFabaceaePhaseolus vulgaris (dg fo pf wp)70 eachNitrogen, ProteinFood
228Beans, Mixed (purple, white, orange)FabaceaePhaseolus vulgaris (dg fo pf wp)80 eachNitrogen, ProteinFood
86Beans, Pole, Blue LakeFabaceaePhaseolus vulgaris (dg fo pf wp)8Direct sow from mid-May to the beginning of July. Try to plant during a warm, dry spell. Soil must be warm - if it is not warm enough, seeds will rot, especially our untreated seeds. Optimal soil temperature: 21-32°C (70-90°F).

Seeds can be started indoors, or sowed directly. Set seeds 7-10cm (3-4") apart and 3.5cm (1½") deep at the base of a support. Plants will climb by twining around almost anything. Try rough poles, lumber, re-bar, or build a strong trellis 2-2.5m (6-8') tall. Seeds will sprout in 8-16 days, depending on soil conditions.


In optimal conditions a tleast 75% of seeds should germinate. Usual seed life: 3 years. Per 100' row: 400 seeds. Per acre: 43.5M seeds.
65Ideal pH: 6.0-6.5. Well drained, warm soil in full sun is best. Use 1 cup of complete organic fertilizer for every wm (10') of row. Too much nitrogen fertilizer is often the cause of poor pod set and delayed maturity. If beans flower but do not set pods, the cause can be zinc deficiency. Try spraying the plants with kelp based fertilizer. Wet leaves on crowded plants are subject to diseases. Thin plants to increase air circulation and avoid touching the leaves while they are wet. Because pole beans are always climbing, there are always beans at different stages of maturity. It is important to keep picking regularly so the plant does not fully mature seeds and stop producing new pods. If pods get fat with seed, the plant will stop flowering. The smaller the bean, the more tender they are.50 gramsBlue Lake beans are straight, stringless and unusually smooth, with a stronger flavour than the bush variety. Its large numbers of dark green pods are round, tender and meaty, and 15-18cm (6-7") long. Seeds are white and plants are long bearing.

Many people feel that pole beans have a richer bean flavour than bush beans. The effort of trellising them is more than repaid by the ease of picking and their extended, abundant harvest. Pole beans are a good choice for small gardens because they use vertical space.

If beans flower but do not set pods, the cause can be a zinc deficiency. Try spraying the plants with Kelpman. Wet leaves on crowded plants are subject to diseases. Thin plants to increase air circulation and try not to touch the plants while they are wet.
Carbohydrate, Nitrogen, ProteinZincFood
362Beans, Provider BushFabaceaePhaseolus vulgaris (dg fo pf wp)8Direct sow in warm soils for uniform, rapid emergence. Do not soak seed prior to sowing. Beans are a favourite of birds, so discourage them with flash tape or row crop covers. Cover seeds with inoculant to promote healthy, vigorous plants. One of the most trouble-free garden crops. For continuous harvests, plant beans 2-3 different times, about 20 days apart. Excess nitrogen causes poor pod set and delays maturity. Avoid wetting foliage. Remove all debris at end of season. Germ standard 80%. Usual seed life: 2-3 years.55Early, productive garden bean that isn't picky about its growing environment. High yields of light green, 14 cm meaty pods on 50-60 cm plants. Tolerates cooler soils for earlier planting.
226Beans, PurpleFabaceaePhaseolus vulgaris (dg fo pf wp)8410 eachfrom harvest 2011 - viable? Nitrogen, ProteinFood
227Beans, Purple BushFabaceaePhaseolus vulgaris (dg fo pf wp)8well drained440 eachNitrogen, ProteinFood
229Beans, Unknown (red/black)FabaceaePhaseolus vulgaris (dg fo pf wp)860 eachNitrogen, ProteinFood
363Beans, Velour Frenth BushFabaceaePhaseolus vulgaris (dg fo pf wp)8Direct sow in warm soils for uniform, rapid emergence. Do not soak seed prior to sowing. Beans are a favourite of birds, so discourage them with flash tape or row crop covers. Cover seeds with inoculant to promote healthy, vigorous plants. One of the most trouble-free garden crops. For continuous harvests, plant beans 2-3 different times, about 20 days apart. Excess nitrogen causes poor pod set and delays maturity. Avoid wetting foliage. Remove all debris at end of season. Germ standard 80%. Usual seed life: 2-3 years.55Satisfying, rich-flavoured, stringless beans grow smooth, round, and straight to a slender 13 cm in royal, deep purple. Disease-resistant plants produce over an extended harvest period.
225Beans, Yellow bush beansFabaceaePhaseolus vulgaris (dg fo pf wp)80 eachNitrogen, ProteinFood
264Clover, CrimsonFabaceaeTrifolium incarnatum (dg fo pf wp)Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow in spring to early summer in situ. The seed can also be sown in early autumn as a winter green manure.

Succeeds in a moist, well-drained circum-neutral soil in full sun. Succeeds in poor soils. It grows well in an apple orchard, the trees will produce tastier fruit that stores better.

It should not be grown with camellias or gooseberries because it harbours a mite that can cause fruit drop in the gooseberries and premature budding in the camellias.

Fairly resistant to 'clover rot'.

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby.

Buttercups growing nearby depress the growth of the nitrogen bacteria by means of a root exudate.

When removing plant remains at the end of the growing season, it is best to only remove the aerial parts of the plant, leaving the roots in the ground to decay and release their nitrogen.
full sunmoistpoor8800 gramsThe seeds can be sprouted and eaten in salads[183]. They can also be dried and ground into a nutritious flour. Dried flower heads are a tea substitute. Used as a green manure. It is relatively fast growing, makes an excellent weed suppressing cover and fixes nitrogen. It is also used with grass seed mixes in soil reclamation projects.NitrogenBeverage, Green manure, Soil stabilization
293Clover, whiteFabaceaeTrifolium reptans (dg fo pf wp)Seeds: Pre-soak for 12 hours in warm water and then sow in spring in situ. If the seed is in short supply it might be better to sow it in pots in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in late spring.

Division: in spring[238].

Succeeds in a moist, well-drained circum-neutral soil in full sun, preferring a sweet calcareous clay soil.

Succeeds in poor soils.

Dislikes growing with henbane or members of the buttercup family[18]. Buttercups growing nearby depress the growth of the nitrogen bacteria by means of a root exudate[201].

It grows well in an apple orchard, the trees will produce tastier fruit that stores better[201].

It should not be grown with camellias or gooseberries because it harbours a mite that can cause fruit drop in the gooseberries and premature budding in the camellias[201].

Polymorphic, there are many subspecies and varieties. Some varieties have also been selected for use in lawn mixes[183].

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200].
Grassland and lawns, preferring a calcareous clay soil[9, 17].full sunwell drainedclay3500 gramsA very important food plant for the caterpillars of many butterfly and moth species[30] it is also a good bee plant[54]. A good companion plant in the lawn, tolerating trampling[18, 54].NitrogenAntirheumatic, Antiscrophulatic, Beverage, Depurative, Detergent, Food, Green manure, Ophthalmic, Tonic
32Goat's RueFabaceaeGalega officinalis (dg fo pf wp)2012-04-05 00:00:0051 each seeds in 8cc blocksplantScarify seed by rubbing on sandpaper. Pre-soak for 12 hours in warm water and then sow the seed in spring or autumn in a cold frame. Spring-sown seed can be slow to germinate, a period of cold stratification may improve the germination time. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out into their permanent positions in the summer. If you have sufficient seed, then it is possible to sow outdoors in situ in mid to late spring. DIVISION in spring or autumn. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.Plant prefers poor garden soil and full sun. Difficult to get this herb these days, and international trade and some domestic trade in this species has been disallowed due to the misconception that it is an invasive weed. I've found that it disappears without care. Succeeds in most soils but repays generous treatment. Prefers full sun and a deep moist soil but it also succeeds in light shade. Grows well even in poor soils. Plants are very tolerant of neglect and can be grown in quite coarse grass, which can be cut annually in the autumn. A long-lived plant, it can be invasive in good growing conditions.partial shademoistpoor50 eachThis is the most active of all galactagogue herbs. Promotes milk flow more reliably than anything I know (except childbirth). Works equally well for lactating human mothers and also domestic stock such as goats, horses and cows.

Goat's rue was once important in the treatment of plague, fevers and infectious diseases. It is still used in modern herbalism, though mainly for its effect in promoting milk-flow in lactating mothers (it has been shown to increase the flow of milk in cows and goats by 35 - 50%) and for its positive effect on the digestive system.

The plant contains galegine, an alkaloid that strongly reduces blood sugar levels which make it useful in the treatment of diabetes. The leaves and flowering tops are diaphoretic, diuretic, galactogogue and hypoglycaemic.

It has also been used in the treatment of fevers. It is taken internally to treat insufficient lactation, late-onset diabetes, pancreatitis and digestive problems, especially chronic constipation caused by a lack of digestive enzymes. The plant is harvested as it is just coming into flower and is dried for later use.

A fast-growing plant, it makes a good green manure crop, enriching the soil with organic matter and also fixing atmospheric nitrogen. The plant is used cosmetically in hand and foot bathes.

Leaves cooked and eaten like spinach.
NitrogenCosmetic, Curdling agent, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Food, Forage, Galactogogue, Green manure, Hypoglycaemic
38Indigo Bush; False Indigo Bush; False Indigo; Desert False IndigoFabaceaeAmorpha fruticosa (dg fo pf wp)2013-04-19 00:00:0054 each seeds in 8cc blocksplantScarify seed and sow in spring. Work seedlings up in successively larger pots, and transplant to landscape only after they have filled a gallon pot with roots.Plant prefers full sun and well-drained soils. Does not require trimming back or any other kind of upkeep with the possible exception of weeding (when it is small).full sunwell drained30 eachWoody perennial bush to 10 feet, native to the US. The plant has an open, spreading habit and in my experience stays put where it is planted. Tends to green up in midspring, and flowers soon follow. The plant continues to flower until frost, at which point it loses its leaves and goes into winter dormancy (deciduous). This is a worthy plant for permaculturalists, given to me originally by Rich Pecarrero, the gardener's gardener, who used it in his landscapes as a trouble-free nitrogen fixer and maker of shade and habitat for pollinators and other beneficials. We have planted indigo bush in two places on our farm, and find its long flowering habit, soft and feathery leaves, and handsome fountaining form to be an excellent addition to the landscape.NitrogenInsectiary, Ornamental
46Ku-shenFabaceaeSophora flavescens (dg fo pf wp)2013-04-28 00:00:0044 each seeds in 8cc blocksplantScarify and soak seed overnight and sow fall to early spring. Work up seedlings in pots until they are big enough to withstand the rigors of planting outdoors.

Seed best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse. Pre-soak stored seed for 12 hours in hot (not boiling) water and sow in late winter in a greenhouse. Prick out the seedlings as soon as they are large enough to handle into individual pots in the greenhouse, and grow them on for 2 years under protected conditions. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer of their third year.

Plants should be container-grown and planted out whilst young, older plants do not transplant well. A polymorphic species. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby.

CUTTINGS of young shoots with a heel, July/August in a frame. Also, air-layering.
The plant itself does well in the same habitat as Sea Buckthorn (Hippophaea rhamnoides), with an ability to improve poor soil and stabilize loose, sloping ground. Relatively cold-hardy broadleaf evergreens brighten the dreary drears of winter. Plant prefers full sun and is not picky about soil.

Succeeds in a well-drained moderately fertile soil in full sun. Requires the protection of a sunny wall if it is to flower, and succeeds only in the mildest areas of the country. It grows best in the warmer areas of the country where the wood will be more readily ripened and better able to withstand winter cold.

Although hardy to at least -15°c, this species does not do very well in the relatively cool summers of Britain, the plant gradually weakens and eventually succumbs. It can be grown in the milder areas of the country and be treated like a herbaceous perennial, growing afresh from the base each spring.
full sunwell drainedpoor50 eachEvergreen perennial shrub to 5 feet, native to China and Japan. The dried root of this handsome, nitrogen-fixing subshrub is one of the Chinese herbs that clears heat, having a bitter and cold nature, used for jaundice, diarrhea, vaginal discharge and sores. It is a relatively important herb in the Chinese materia medica.NitrogenAnthelmintic, Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antipruritic, Astringent, Bitter, Carminative, Diuretic, Febrifuge, Insect Repellant, Parasiticide, Pectoral, Stomachic, Tonic
47LicoriceFabaceaeGlycyrrhiza glabra (dg fo pf wp)2012-04-01 00:00:0043 each seeds in 8cc blocksplantScarify the seed and sow in spring or in the warm greenhouse. Thin or transplant seedlings to 2 to 3 feet apart.Plant prefers full sun and dry, alkaline soils. Once established, the plants shoot up like a young willow thicket, setting erect lilac flowers that give way to the smooth pods. This is a great crop for people in Arizona, or at elevation in California, or any other place where the weather is clear, high and hot.full sunwell drained0 eachHerbaceous perennial native to the Mediterranean and to Russia. True, sweet variety. The root is a fine-flavored demulcent and expectorant. Licorice provides essential herbal treatment for chronic fatigue, adrenal exhaustion or gastric ulcer.

The part used is the stoloniferous root, which can be harvested after 2 or 3 years of growth.

A note on Licorice: The water extract (tea or decoction) extracts the desirable secondary constituents and leaves behind the bitter tannins. Direct alcoholic extraction (in the usual manner, alcohol on top of ground roots) produces an unsatisfactory result. Better to decoct the licorice first, strain and reduce the decoction by 50%, then preserve back with enough alcohol to result in a finished alcohol content of 20% (AA). This makes an excellent product that is preserved against deterioration.

Extended intake of licorice can result in sodium retension, so the dosage and length of therapy should be appropriately modulated.
NitrogenSweetening
230Peas, MammothFabaceaePisum sativum (dg fo pf wp)857 eachNitrogen, ProteinFood
232Peas, Purple peas (Shelley's)FabaceaePisum sativum (dg fo pf wp)80 eachNitrogen, ProteinFood
231Peas, PurplepodFabaceaePisum sativum (dg fo pf wp)8225 each2010 Harvest, most likely wrong name as it doesn't appear on either pfaf.org or wikipedia.Nitrogen, ProteinFood
233Peas, Snow PeasFabaceaePisum sativum (dg fo pf wp)8800 eachNitrogen fixers. It also may come because of their tendency to grow at the end of winter, just before the last spring freeze. They can be covered with snow - hence the name - during these times, but still keep growing well.Nitrogen, ProteinFood
234Peas, WindhorseFabaceaePisum sativum (dg fo pf wp)2013-04-01 00:00:00200 each seeds in outdoor soilplant8520 eachNitrogen, ProteinFood
77Vetch, KidneyFabaceaeAnthyllis vulneraria (dg fo pf wp)7Scarify the seed on medium sandpaper and sow in spring. An overnight soak will speed germination, which takes 1 to 3 weeks. Barely cover with soil, tamp well. Easy to sow in place, or if you like, sow in pots. Excellent for open garden, grasslands, rock gardens, or potted culture.

Seed: sow spring or autumn in a cold frame. If there is sufficient seed it can be sown outdoors in situ. Pre-soak the seed for about 12 hrs or scarify the seed. It usually germinates in 1 -2 months at 10°c. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer.

Division in spring or autumn.

Prefers a sunny position and an alkaline soil. Tolerates a pH in the range 4.8 to 8. Prefers a sandy loam. Thrives in poor soils.

A rich food source for bees, butterflies and caterpillars.
This easy creeper fixes nitrogen and provides nectar for an extended time period from midspring through midsummer, and again, sometimes, with the fall rains.sun or partial shadepoor50 eachHerbaceous perennial native to Europe and flowering yellow to about 8 inches. Plant prefers full sun to part shade and calcerous soils or regular garden soils. I frequently see this growing in the wild on the Pacific Coast, and it is relatively famous for doing well around beaches, sea cliffs, etc.

With its soft and pretty, globular flowers and forgiving, slightly downy foliage, Kidney Vetch is a natural choice as an emollient treatment for the skin, and has been used as such since time immemorial. The plant may be poulticed, or dried and made into an infused oil and incorporated in that way into cosmetics, lotions, or salves. The plant detoxifies, and it soothes inflammations.

This plant is an ancient remedy for skin eruptions, slow-healing wounds, minor wounds, cuts and bruises, it is applied externally.

Internally, it is used as a treatment for constipation and as a spring tonic. The plant can be used fresh in the growing season, or harvested when in flower and dried for later use.

The dried flower heads are a tea substitute.
Boron, NitrogenAntitussive, Astringent, Beverage, Emollient, Insectiary, Laxative, Vulnerary

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